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(ScStr: dp. 25,000; 1. 559'6" (b.p.); b. 62'2"; dr. 32'8"; s. 13 k. cpl. 399; a. 2 6", 2 3")
Nansemond (No. 1395), formerly Pennsylvania of the Hamburg-American Line, was built in 1896 by Hartland & Wolff, Belfast, Northern Ireland, and taken over by USSB in 1917. Nansemond served in the Army Cargo and Transport Service throughout the war before being transferred to the Navy and commissioned 20 January 1919 at Hoboken, N.J., Lt. Comdr. W. MaeLeod, USNRF, in command.
Assigned to NOTS, Nansemond departed New York 4 February laden with Army supplies. She arrived St. Nazaire 16 February, discharged her cargo, and sailed 26 February for home carrying returning troops of the AEF, arriving Newport News 11 March 1919. During the next four months Nansemond continued in the Transport Service returning troops and convalescents of the AEF, making one turnabout run in thirly-two days.
Upon returning to New York in August she decommissioned on the 25th and returned to USSB. Shc was scrappod in 1924.
Nansemond II ScStr - History
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Nansemond II ScStr - History
Where were the lands of this William Coffield? In 1779 William Coffield (III) had advertised in Virginia Gazette for sale a plantation adjoining on Nansemond River, a mile above Holiaday’s point between 2 and 300 acres including a very firm marsh. The estate papers of Slaughter Coffield contain a survey of the land Slaughter’s son Charles was left in his fathers will. It showed Captain Wilkinson’s line to the North fronting on the Nansemond River. Slaughter’s brother Willis was just west of Wilkinson’s land and the line of Slaughter’s father William was along his south line.
In 1748 a propositon from Nansemond was considered reasonable by the House of Burgesses for erecting a Public Warehouse for the Inspection of Tobacco, at a Landing called Best’s on the Land of Mr. William Wilkinson, on Lear’s Creek, on the North side of Nansemond River, near opposite to the Warehouses at Sleepy-Hole, under one Inspection with the Warehouses at Sleepy-Hole.
This indicates that just to the north of William was the land of Slaughter fronting ¼ mile on the Nansemond River adjoining the line of William Wilkinson to the north of Slaughter. Wilkinson’s land was on Lear’s Creek.  Jeremiah Godwin married, September 30, 1784, Sally Wilkinson (d. Aug 9. 1843), daughter of William Wilkinson, of "Shackley Hill," and Suffolk, and had ten children [ 4]
From the survey in the matter of Slaughter Coffield’s estate, we see that Slaughter owned land fronting the Nansemond River for 107 poles which is 1/4 th of a mile. William Coffield’s line was along Slaughter’s to the south and Capt Wilkinson’s line was to the north fronting the Nansemond. The distance from Shackley Island to Holidays Point is approximately one mile. There is a real possibility that Cedar Creek of today was formerly Lear’s Creek. Colonel Lear was seriously disliked by many inhabitants of Chuckatuck area because he held so many offical offices there for many years and had supported the governor during the rebellion. Many of these creeks were renamed.
Also of interest is the patent of Charles Drury.
plantation adjoining on Nansemond River, a mile above Holiaday’s point between 2 and 300 acres including a very firm marsh.
Patent of William Coffield 1729 for 56 acres in Chuckatuck Parish:
Transcription by Zane, edit Anne:
“George the Second __ To all __ Know Ye That for divers good cause and consideration that now especially for an in consideration of the Sum of ___ shillings of good and lawful money for our _ _ paid to our Receiver General of our __ ____ in this our Colony and dominion of Virginia We Have Given Granted and Conferred and by these presents for ___________________ and Incorporate do give grant and confirm unto William Coffield Sen’ of Nansemond County one certain tract or parcel of Land containing fifty Six acres – lying and being in Chuckatuck parish in the County of Nansemond aforesaid and bounded as followeth (to wit) Begining at the said Coffields corner pine and runs thence on the 20[degree symbol] ___________ north twenty degrees West twenty seven poles to Sikes corner live oak ___________ Sikes and Lovegroves North sixty four degrees – East two hundred and sixteen pols to Lovegrows[?] corner pine thence on Jordan South seventy and half degrees East eighteen and half pole to Robert Cammel ls corner Red Oak thence on the Googings line South thirty nine degrees West one hundred pols to the said Coffields corner poplar thence on the said Coffield South seventy nine degrees West one hundred twenty six pols to the first Station WITHALL __________________ to be ________________________ and paying or provided ____ In witness __ witness our Trusty and ____________ William Gooch Esq. our Lieutenant Governor and __________________ of our said Colony and Dominion at Williamsburg under the seal of our said colony the Twenty Seventh day of September One Thousand Seven hundred Twenty nine in the Third year of our Reign.
Patent records from Cavaliers and Pioneers Vol. I and II
Just below Wm. Sykes, Maj’r Tho. Jorden, Rich’d Lovegrove in the 1704 Nansemond Rent Roll is: Tho. Davis.
Patent of his brother James Davis, 141 acs, Nansimund Co., on Chuckatuck Cr., 20 Sept 1683m p., 310, Adj. his brother Thomas Davis Thomas Cutchin: (Anne note-Tho. Cutchins just below 3 Rutters and Cap’t Barnaby Kerney on 1704 rent roll) & Wm. Thompson. Being 1/3 of land his father Major Thomas Davis dyed seized of, who devised to sd. James.
John Goslin, 150 acs. Lying near the head of Chuckatuck Cr., beg. At the Miles End of Peter Mountegues land. 13 Dec. 1653, p. 65, Trans of 3 pers:
23 Sept 1689 - John DUKE and his mother Elizabeth Mercer, to John Burnett, shoemaker, 50 acs. (being land "my father, John DUKE, dec’d bought from Jeremiah Rutter of Chuckatucke in Nansemond County" being out of a patent of 300 acs. between John Goseling and John DUKE Sr. sold said John Burnett) Witt: Will Bradshaw , Richard Ealle Signed: John DUKE , Elizabeth Mercer , Bridgett DUKE. (Isle of Wight Deed Book 1 1688-1704).
Thomas Jordan, 550 acs, Nancimond Co. 22 Oct 1666, p. 39. Adj. Lands of Jeremiah Rutter & Hopken Howell.
Mr. Robert Coleman, 530 acs. On W. side of a reedy marsh, a br. Of Chuckatuck, 20 Apr. 1684.. p. 378. 400 acs. Granted to Richard & Miles Lewis, 29 Jan 1667, who sold to sd. Coleman adj. Land of Jeremiah Rutter & land of John Turner.
Capt Thomas Godwin (Godwin). 179 acs. In Chucccatuck Parish, adj. Lands of Hopkin Howell, Jeremy Rutter, Jno Dukes. Tho. Best & Jno. Thomas. 6 Feb 1667, p. 111.
Three Rutters were listed just below Ruth Coffield (widow of John) in the 1704 Nansemond Rent Roll. The lands of Jeremiah Rutter and Jno. Turner were adjoining Hugh Campbell in 1696 on a branch of the Chuckatuck Creek.  Jno. Turner in his 1706 will refers to his plantation in Chuckatuck and also the plantation where Jno. Coffer did live. This seems to place Ruth Coffield near Jeremiah Rutter and Jno. Turner.
Jeremiah Rutter received a patent in 1665 for 300 acres in Nansemond co beginning by Hopkin Hoells marked trees. Hopkin Howell had patent for 400 acres in 1653 upon head of New Towne Haven River (Chuckatuck). John Turner in 1664 had patent for 200 acres on Wwd. Side of the main head branch of Choketuck Cr. & 100 acres near the head of sd. Cr.
NANSEMOND TRIBE IS STRONG IN CUSTOMS, HERITAGE
THEIR TRIBAL NAMES are Running Deer, Big Buck, Fish Hawk, Loves Turquoise, Swamp Fox, Red Hawk, War Chief, White Dawn and Shining Star.
Their English names are Earl L. Bass, Barry Bass, Oliver Perry, James Weaver, Carpathia Sococo, Alvin L. Bond, Gary F. Bond, Earl L. Bass II, Sandra McCready and Sandra Garner.
They live in Suffolk, Chesapeake, Norfolk, Isle of Wight County, Portsmouth and Virginia Beach. But each would admit that part of their souls belongs to another time.
Each year they startle their neighbors by donning eagle-covered headdresses, buckskin coats and jackets, hand-stitched moccasins and head off to their annual Pow Wow at Suffolk's Lone Star Lodge on the Nansemond River.
There they sit in council, eat together, dance and visit once again, like the Nansemond Indians have done for at least four centuries.
Sitting in a place of great honor around the sacred dance circle is the chief. But Earl L. ``Running Deer'' Bass is no ordinary leader, even when you consider how old Indian history is in North America.
A direct descendant of 1619 Colonial settler and plantation owner Nathaniel Bass, Earl Bass' forefathers have been tribal leaders since the marriage of Nathaniel Bass' son, John, to a Nansemond Indian.
According to Norfolk County Colonial court records, ``John Bass(e) married a daughter of the King of the Nansemond Nation by name of Elizabeth ``Keziah'' in Holy Baptism and in Holy Matrimony on the 14th Day of August in the Year of Our Lord 1638.''
Their descendants have been eligible at birth for membership in the Nansemond tribe ever since. And for generations, Bass family members have kept tribal customs alive.
But the story of the Nansemond origins goes back centuries before Jamestown.
Artifacts found on tribal farmlands, especially those uncovered during the Phelps excavation around White Marsh Road in Suffolk, date habitation and cultivation of their lands back several thousand years. The earliest contact with the Nansemonds as an identifiable tribe came with the expedition of 16th century English explorer Ralph Lane, who located the Nansemond Indian nation in the general area of its present Pow Wow.
In 1607, Jamestown settlers also placed the center of the Nansemond tribe in the general area of Reeds Ferry, near Chuckatuck.
According to the writings of Captain John Smith, their ``King'' lived near Dumpling Island, where he kept lodges and treasure houses protected by some 300 bowman.
The Nansemond population of approximately 1,200 was kept well-fed by large granaries, also at Dumpling Island. In 1608, Jamestown experienced a severe shortage of food known as the starving period. Hearing the Nansemonds had considerable stores, Smith led an expedition down the James and into the Nansemond River as far as Dumpling Island.
At first, Smith was successful and a shipment or two of grain was sent to the colonials. However, when negotiations broke off, Smith seized hostages and demanded more supplies. Finally, he raided the island, took what he needed, and leveled the Indian structures.
The hostages were returned, and some minor compensation was paid. An original peace treaty between the Nansemonds and England's Prince Charles II was discovered recently and placed in the library of the College of William and Mary.
During the next two centuries, the vast land holdings of the Nansemonds were either sold off, farm by farm or village by village.
``My father would never talk about it,'' said Chief Earl Bass, who celebrated his 81st birthday last Sunday, ``but it was passed down in the family that the English did what they liked.
``We had simple weapons to defend ourselves,'' he said picking up an ancestral tomahawk, ``but look at this piece of stone and compare it to a rifle. In the long run, you couldn't fight their armies.''
By the middle of the 19th century, the Nansemonds had lost the majority of their land, which included what is today Suffolk, Isle of Wight, Portsmouth and Chesapeake. Surrounded by the encroachment of large landholders, they built their final enclave at Bowers Hill. There they operated their own school and church.
Today, the Indiana Methodist Church is built on the site of an earlier one built in 1850, but subsequently burned during the Civil War. On the church grounds, a brick marker and bronze plaque mark the location of the original building.
Despite centuries of cultural bias and discrimination, the Nansemonds, now numbering more than 300, are still unbowed and proud of their heritage.
``There was a time when I was growing up,'' said Chief Bass as he surveyed the vast fields of soybeans growing around the Bass family farm, ``when they said there were no Nansemonds left. Well, we knew better, and we had to keep reminding our family and the others to hold on, and pray for a new day.
``I took a job in the shipyard's Shop 31 and only the master knew who I really was. But that didn't matter. I still farmed and hunted over our land and that was all I needed.''
As thousands of Indians and non-Indians gathered around the Pow Wow last weekend, it appeared that Bass' prayer for a new day of recognition had arrived.
``There is now talk of building a Nansemond Cultural Center,'' said Francis Phelps Woodward of Portsmouth, also a member of the Bass family.
``This land is special to us, our ancestors lived on it and (were) buried in it,'' she said. ``We have a rich culture to preserve and a lot to offer those interested in understanding the beginnings of Indian and Colonial settlement here. Now that we have been recognized officially by both the state and federal government as the Nansemond Indian Tribal Association, a new era has begun.''
Walking near his family's ancestral burial ground, Chief Bass is still an imposing figure as the breeze opens his eagle-feather headdress. He still stands ramrod straight dressed in his buckskins, deer antler breastplate and moccasins.
Just as the sun was setting over his land, the land of his father and centuries of ancestors, he said: ``My people are still here. Those that pass away a long time ago, those that have gone only yesterday, those here now and those yet to come. We are one people, we are the Nansemonds.'' ILLUSTRATION: Staff photo JOHN H. SHEALLY II
Nansemond II ScStr - History
Contributed by John Collins. May 2000
Roanoke Island - the site of an initial English visit in 1584, the short-lived military settlement of 1585-6 (removed by Sir Francis Drake following his sacking of St Augustine, Florida, because of fears of a retaliatory Spanish attack), and the first permanent English settlement in North America, the so-called Lost Colony of 1587 - was at that time referred to as being in Virginia (named for Elizabeth I, the Virgin Queen).
During the reign of her successor, James I, what is now known as Virginia was settled (initially at Jamestown) from 1607-24 under the auspices of the joint stock Virginia Company of London. On May 24, 1624 the Company's charter was declared vacated, and the colony of Virginia came under control of the crown as the first royal colony in English history. It included most of the area from just north of modern New York city southward to Cape Fear.
On October 30, 1629, in the fifth year of his reign, James' son Charles I granted to his Attorney General, Sir Robert Heath, the territory between 31 and 36 degrees north latitude. This is the region now lying from about 30 miles north of the Florida state line to the southern side of the Albemarle Sound. In 1632, with royal approval, Heath assigned his New World interests to Henry Frederick Howard, Lord Maltravers.
In 1637, Charles I directed Governor Sir John Harvey of Virginia to assist in the work of settling "Lord Maltravers province of Carolana". Harvey's compliance took the form of a patent to Maltravers establishing the County of Norfolk "in the Southern part of the Colony" of Virginia. The reason for the name is that one of the Howard family titles, still used today by the head of the family (who is Earl Marshall of England and an important participant in Coronation ceremonies), is Duke of Norfolk. The Howards are the only Roman Catholic family to have successfully maintained an important position in the English aristocracy. Included in Maltravers' County of Norfolk was the area from just south of modern Suffolk, Virginia (the actual city, not what was NansemondCounty) to about present-day New Bern.
A different source states that New Norfolk County was formed in 1636 from that part of Elizabeth City County lying to the south of Hampton Roads, and extinguished in 1637 by the formation of Lower Norfolk and Upper Norfolk Counties. Upper Norfolk County was extinguished in 1643 when Nansemond County was organized following legislation the previous year. Lower Norfolk County was extinguished in 1691 when Norfolk Country was formed. Norfolk County was extinguished in 1962 when the independent city of Chesapeake was chartered. Nansemond County was extinguished in July 1972 when Nansemond City was incorporated. Nansemond City was consolidated into the City of Suffolk in 1974.
Records of actual settlement are scanty, but Sir John Colleton (one of the later proprietors of Carolina) once mentioned a plantation "started by one Mr Mariot, steward to the Duke of Norfolk," Maltravers' son.
On May 15, 1630 an agreement was drafted for a Carolana settlement, one of the parties to which was George Lord Berkeley.
Governor Sir William Berkeley of Virginia sent an expedition against the Indians along the Chowan River in 1646, presumably in preparation for southernward settlement.
About 1648 Henry Plumpton of Nansemond County, Virginia, just north of the Chowan region, in co-operation with Thomas Tuke and several others, bought from the Indians "all the Land from the mouth of the Morratuck [Roanoke] River to the mouth of Weyanook Creek".
In 1650 a Virginia merchant, Thomas Bland, was one of a party of eight who explored the Chowan, Meherrin, and Roanoke river valleys. His petition to the Virginia assembly for permission to settle "to the Southward" was approved October 20, 1650. The Assembly instructed him and his associates to "secure themselves in effecting the said Designe with a hundred able men sufficiently furnished with Armes and Munition". In 1651 he published a promotional tract, "The Discovery of New Brittaine, 1650".
In 1653 the Virginia Assembly made a grant of 10,000 acres, in response to a petition from the Rev. Roger Green, "unto one hundred such persons who shall first seate on Moratuck or Roanoke river and the land lying upon the south side of Choan river and the branches thereof" and "to the said Roger Green, the rights of one thousand acres of land, and choice to take the same where it shall seem most convenient to him, next to those persons who have had a former grant".
In a pamphlet entitled "Virginia's Cure", printed in London in 1662, the Rev. Green cited the colony of Virginia as being bound "on the North by the great River Patomak, on the South by the River Chawan".
A manuscript map, drawn in 1657 by Nicholas Comberford, is in the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich in London. On the neck of land between the mouth of the Roanoke River and Salmon Creek (now in Bertie County, NC) this shows a neatly drawn house with the label "Batts House" identifying it. In his journal for 1672, George Fox, the Quaker missionary who visited the area, mentioned "Nathaniel Batts who had been Governor of Roan-oak".
Following the execution of Charles I, England was a Republic for 11 years, 1649-60, until the coronation of Charles II. On March 24, 1663, Charles II revoked his father's grant of 1629 to Sir Robert Heath and granted the Carolinas to eight English noblemen who had supported the Royalist cause during and after the English Civil War (1642-49). These were the initial Lords Proprietors: Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon (Lord High Chancellor) George Monck, Duke of Albemarle (Master of the King's Horse and Captain-General of all his forces) William Lord Craven (an old friend of Charles' father) John Lord Berkeley Anthony Ashley Cooper (Chancellor of the Exchequer, later made Earl of Shaftesbury) Sir George Carteret (Vice-Chamberlain of the King's Household, who had entertained Charles in his Jersey home during a part of the time he was in exile) Sir William Berkeley (who, as Governor of Virginia, had induced the colony to adhere to Charles II as sovereign even while he was in exile) and Sir John Colleton (a Barbadian planter, who had maintained the royal cause in Barbados). The first official use of the name Carolina occurs in this Charter.
In September 1663 the other proprietors sent a series of instructions to Sir William Berkeley. Carolina affairs were left almost entirely in the hands of Berkeley as the nearest resident Proprietor, and it was more than two years before those remaining in England showed signs of being aware that the Albemarle region, as the former Carolana area was now called, was not within their domain. On June 13, 1665, they received a new charter making their northern boundary approximately the same as the present North Carolina - Virginia state line.
Prior to this, the Virginia counties of Upper Norfolk/Nansemond and Lower Norfolk would have been the repositories for any records relating to the Albemarle region. The oldest known deed for land in North Carolina, dated September 24, 1660, was discovered accidentally in 1965 among Norfolk County records in Chesapeake. It apparently grants the entire tip of the peninsula which is now Pasquotank County to Capt. Nathaniell Batts. It is signed with the mark of Kiscutanewh, King of the Yeopim Indians. There are old Nansemond County deeds relating to land beside Bennetts Creek which refer to the Creek, named for a Governor of Virginia, now in Gates County and not Bennett Creek now in the City of Suffolk (near the mouth of the Nansemond River): this land was considered part of the Upper Parish of Nansemond County until 1728, when the dividing line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina was finally settled.
The Lords Proprietors concentrated most of their initial efforts on a fruitless attempt (1663-67) to establish Clarendon County in the Cape Fear region.
William Drummond was the first Governor appointed for Albemarle County (1664-67).
Roanoke Island was owned by Samuel Stephens who, on October 9, 1662, had been appointed "commander of the southern plantation" by the council in Virginia, and was later (1667-69) Governor of Albemarle County.
Colleton (now Collington) Island had been granted to Sir John Colleton, and was where Governor (1670-72) Peter Carteret lived after moving to Carolina from his family home on Jersey in the Channel Islands.
By October 1668 Chowan, Currituck, Pasquotank, and Perquimans precincts had been formed in Albemarle County. From 1679 for about 6 years, Perquimans was renamed Berkeley Precinct.
In 1689 Albemarle County as a unit of government ceased to exist, although the name continued intermittently in use for at least a further 10 years. Government of Carolina "North and East of Cape feare" was established, with Philip Ludwell as Governor (1689-94). In 1691 the Lords Proprietors appointed him governor of all Carolina, headquartered at Charles Town, with a deputy governor for the northern part of the colony - the beginning of the division of the province into North and South Carolina, though not so called at this time. Thomas Jarvis was the first deputy governor.
Early Albemarle County had no formal religious life, other than Quaker meetings in private houses in Perquimans precinct. The Quaker missionary William Edmundson found one Quaker household in 1672, that of Henry Phelps (Phillips), who had moved down from New England in 1665 with his wife. There were more on his return in 1677 and, by 1680, monthly meetings were being held. Since the Quakers were the only church available, they attracted numerous converts, especially in Perquimans and Pasquotank precincts. Under the encouragement of the Quaker Lord Proprietor and proprietary governor (1694-96) John Archdale, they became the dominant political force in the county - which stimulated the Anglican community to seek passage of the Vestry Act. The Upper Meeting House (later Wells) was built by 1704, Little River Meeting House was erected in 1705, and Lower Meeting House (later Old Neck) appeared by 1706. At the end of the proprietary era, in 1729, Friends maintained Meetings at Wells, Old Neck, Suttons Creek, Yeopim, and Piney Woods. (Piney Woods is still functioning.) Friends residing west of Little River in Perquimans were attached to the Pasquotank Monthly Meeting. Friends have to receive their Meeting's permission before marrying, so the records from Quaker Meetings provide most of the available early information on marriages in this area.
The Anglican missionary John Blair, writing in 1704, reported that he had baptised a great many children but had not been able to marry anyone because only the magistrates were authorized to marry. He found three church buildings and glebes.
The Church of England, or Anglican Church, envisioned by the authors of the proprietary charters and the Fundamental Constitutions as the dominant religious institution in a tolerant province, was finally made the established church of the province in 1701 and again in 1703 or 1704. The statutes erected parishes, named vestries, and authorized the imposition of taxes to support the clergy. At the same time, the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (SPG), organized by Thomas Bray and Associates in1701, began to send missionaries to the province.
In Perquimans an Anglican chapel was under construction, but remained unfinished because of the death of Major Samuel Swann, Sr in 1707 the Anglican Nags Head Chapel, in use by 1736 and probably the result of the efforts of vestryman Albert Albertson, occupied the site of the later New Hope Methodist Church and the Anglican Yeopim Chapel, constructed on land donated by John And Elizabeth Mathias in 1732, eventually became the site of Bethel Baptist Church.
Bath County was formed in 1696 and, four years later, the Rev. Thomas Bray shipped books from England to St Thomas Parish with the Reverend Daniel Brett for the first public library in the colony. The parish also established a free school for Indians and blacks. In 1705 Beaufort, Craven, and Hyde precincts were established in Bath County. In 1705 Bath became the first town created in the colony. Construction of St. Thomas Church, oldest existing church in the state, began in 1734.
The parish of St Paul's was organized in 1701 as the first Anglican parish in the colony under the provisions of the Vestry Act of1701. A post-in-ground church building was erected the next year on an undetermined plot of land just east of Queen Anne's Creek on what is now known as Hayes farm the town of Edenton would not be founded for another eleven years. In 1736 construction was begun of the present St Paul's on the town lots set aside for church and churchyard (cemetery) before 1722.
Ye Countie of Albemarle in Carolina edited by William S Powell, State Department of Archives & History, 1958.
North Carolina Genesis: Seventeenth-Century Albemarle County by Lindley S Butler, Perquimans County Restoration Association, 1989.
Perquimans County: A Brief History by Alan D Watson, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources Division of Archives and History, 1987.
The first of these I recently found in a used bookstore in Asheville. It is a hardback book of just over 130 pages, with a fascinatingly informative 32 page Introduction by Powell. The Foreward begins:
"The twenty-eight seventeenth century documents published here were a gift to the State Department of Archives and History in 1956 from the late Thurmond Chatham. In 1919, as a young sailor visiting London, he stopped in Maggs Bros. book shop seeking manuscripts or other material relating to North Carolina. At that time nothing was available, but he left his name and asked to be notified if anything of interest turned up."
"It was not until 1933 that his inquiry bore fruit. A Maggs Bros. catalogue of that year, issued in a limited edition of 50 copies, offered these documents for sale. They were, the catalogue recorded, "newly discovered (formerly in the possession of a descendant of Governor Carteret." Mr Chatham purchased the entire collection, and they remained in his personal library for twenty-three years."
Note: Redistribution in any manner requires permission of the contributor.
The Details of John Nichols’ Will
|Judith (Bowers Spivey) Nichols||Dower interest in the plantation John Nichols was living on (500 acres) and any profits to be gained from land called an Island on the Northwest River in Norfolk County (100 acres).||Dower interest is only for the remainder of the spouse’s life and does not equate ownership. Judith Nichols’ Bowers relatives owned neighboring land.|
|Matthew Spivey||The plantation John Nichols was living on (500 acres) after the death of his mother and shared rights to swamp land (entered by Eleazer Tart) at the head of Nichols’ plantation.||Matthew Spivey married Sarah Nichols (likely the daughter of John Nichols). Matthew died (testate) before his mother leaving her as guardian of his children (suggesting that Sarah may have been deceased). Matthew’s daughter Tamer married Thomas Bass. The Tarts owned land adjoining Nichols and were also neighbors of William Bass (b. 1654, father of Thomas Bass), with Thomas Tart and Enos Tart as witnesses of his 1740 will.|
|Ann Spivey||Land called an Island on the Northwest River in Norfolk County (100 acres) after the death of her mother. This tract of land was purchased from Dan Browne.||Ann Spivey married John Granberry (a neighbor of John Nichols). They sold this tract of land on 13 July 1704 to Moses Prescott.|
|John Lovina||Manumission. 150 acres of land on the Southern Run of a 350-acre tract in the Southern Branch of the Elizabeth River (now in possession and occupation of Daniel Burne). 160 acres of land in the Western Branch of the Elizabeth River joining the land of the late William Davenell. A water mill at the head of the Southern Branch of the Elizabeth River which was bought from John Ives and formerly owned by Captain Carver.||John Lovina was apprenticed to Nathan Newby at the time of this will. He later married Anne ________ and had a son, William Lovina. William sold all but 60 acres of his inherited land (presumably the remainder of the Davenell tract) and he was taxed in the home of John Bowers (the cousin of Judith Nichols) in the 1730s.|
|Sarah Lovina||Manumission. 200 acres of land on the Northern Run of a 350-acre tract in the Southern Branch of the Elizabeth River (now in possession and occupation of Daniel Burne).||Sarah Lovina was a minor at the time of this will and likely continued to live and work for the family. She later married William Bass. Prior to their marriage, William purchased the land adjoining this tract from William Lovina (Sarah’s nephew).|
The details of John Nichols’ will reveal the close interconnectedness of Nichols’ heirs with the family of William Bass and Catherine Lanier. Their actions (e.g. witnessing records, intermarrying, buying and selling land) were common exchanges between neighbors. Their extended families spanned from the Western Branch of the Elizabeth River to Deep Creek which is where the “Christianized” Nansemond community has continued to live for centuries.
In older records “Galberry Road” was referred to as “the road to Nansemond County” which crossed the Galberry Swamp. Although not documented, it appears that William Bass had a wife prior to Sarah Lovina. His daughter Sarah was born on 9 June 1727 almost 2 years prior to his marriage to Sarah Lovina. This means that John Bass, born 20 February 1731, may have been the only child born of William Bass and Sarah Lovina’s late union.
Thomas Bass also had two wives. His son, William Bass (b. 1725), was born of his first marriage to Martha Willis. Thomas lived on his father’s property (William Bass (b. 1654)) on the Western Branch at least through the 1730s. While his brother, Willam Bass’ (b. 1676), life was well documented, Thomas Bass’ (b. 1687) life is poorly documented after 1750 and his children migrated in a few different directions.
Nansemond Reserve at Sleepy Hole
Nestled along the beautifully wooded eastern bank of the Nansemond River, Nansemond Reserve at Sleepy Hole is tucked away in a serene and peaceful section of northeastern Suffolk near the Portsmouth and Chesapeake city lines. Just one mile away from Sleepy Hole Golf Course and a ten minute drive to major thoroughfares such as Interstate 664 and Route 17 which take you to major Hampton Roads business, industrial and military centers in Hampton, Newport News, Portsmouth, and Norfolk.
This heavily wooded area is one of the few remaining natural forests which are an extension of the Great Dismal Swamp about 30 minutes south of the community. Nansemond Reserve is located minutes away from Nansemond River High School, John Yeates Middle, and Florence Bowser Elementary. This area is rich in local history which dates back to the original Jamestown settlement and the part it played during the American Revolutionary War.
This beautiful tree-lined community will offer 16 of our most popular model homes, will have active open space such as a playground and park, and will incorporate natural streams and beautiful water features.
Early Rountree Immigrants
There seem to be two distinct sets of early Rountree immigrants to Virginia who produced descendants. Whether they were related in any way is unknown, but it is likely that both had immigrated from either Yorkshire, in the northeastern part of England, or the general area of London. Records suggest perhaps a third immigrant to Virginia and another to South Carolina, though whether either had offspring is uncertain.
Origins in England
The earliest occurrence of the name of which I am aware is the appearance of “Robert Rountrie” on the Yorkshire subsidy roll of 1301. Every subsequent citation for Rountree prior to about 1600 occurs in Yorkshire as well. A British genealogy mentions a suit against John Rowntree in 1521, the 1577 will of Lawrence Rowntree, a Henry Rountree of the late 1500s, and several dozen Rountree references in the early 1600s – all in Yorkshire. 1 By the mid-1600s, several citations for Rountrees are found in the parish registers of parishes surrounding London as well. 2
There are a number of family legends which identify the early immigrants as Irish, but this seems doubtful. The earliest reference I could find in Ireland is the appearance of a Thomas Rountrey and a Widow Rowntrey on the 1664 hearth tax lists of Kilmore parish. Though Irish records are scarce for the period, it seems plausible that a few Yorkshire Rountrees migrated into Ireland in the mid or late 1600s, either as part of the Cromwell settlements or in conjunction with the Quaker movement. In support of this, I note that four different Yorkshire Rountrees are cited as recusants between 1605 and 1615, and several are later identified as Quakers, so it is possible that the movement into Ireland coincided with the Cromwell and Quaker movements of the 1650s. Descendants of the Rountrees who had moved to Ireland were evidently among those who immigrated to America 100 or more years later, which may account for the “Irish” legend. The earliest immigrants, though, regardless of their point of origin, seem to have been of English stock.
Finally, a comment on the origin and spelling of the name. One authority, writing in 1901, calls it a “well-known North-English surname” spelled variously as Rowntree, Rowantree, Roantree, and Roun(d)tree. 3 I think most genealogists would agree that whether the name is spelled Rountree, Roundtree, or Rowntree in early records is immaterial. Essentially all appearances of the name in American colonial records are third-party entries. That is, they represent the decision of a clerk, who chose whatever spelling they felt appropriate. Even recorded deeds and wills are rarely the originals, but rather were copied by clerks and therefore subject both to their own whims and to copying errors. Even signatures spelling the name one way or another have little genealogical value in distinguishing branches of the family.
New Kent County Rountrees
My Rountrees may spring from an immigrant to New Kent County. On 23 April 1681, Charles Turner received a patent for 2400 acres in New Kent [later Hanover] County, Virginia for the importation of 48 persons, among them a Tho. Roundtree and a Wm. Roundtree. 4 Possibly the same William Roundtree appears on a militia roster in New Kent County on 4 July 1702. 5 William Roundtree is on the New Kent quit rent list of 1704, with 100 acres. 6
He may have been the father of our William Rountree, but we have no proof and are unlikely to find any. Owing to the near-total destruction of New Kent County records, these are the only citations ever found for William Rountree. However, the vestry book of Blisland Parish of New Kent County contains an entry dated 15 October 1741 of 160 pounds of tobacco due “Mr. William Rountree Junr.” for some unknown service to the parish. 7 This record, which is probably for the later William Rountree, suggests that the earlier William Rountree (who may be his father) was still alive at the time.
The same Blisland Parish vestry book also mentions John Rountree as a delinquent tithable for 1725 and as a “teler” [tallyer] of tobacco in 1728 and 1729. Perhaps a brother of William Rountree Jr., though no further record of him was found.
The William Rountree who is recorded in St. Peter’s parish as the father of Dudley Rountree in 1729, and who was later “of Blisland Parish” is the progenitor of a large number of Rountree descendants, and the subject of a separate paper on these pages.
Nansemond County Rountrees
At about the same time as the Charles Turner patent, there were several Rountrees who emigrated to Nansemond County, Virginia but there is no evidence that they were related to those in New Kent. A Charles Rowntree received a patent for land in Nansemond County in 1685 for transportation of himself, Robert Rountree, and five others. 8 The following year Robert and Francis Roundtree patented land in Nansemond for transportation of, among others, Thos. Roundtree and Elizabeth Roundtree. 9 Robert and Francis Rountree patented additional land in 1698. 10 Robert, Thomas, and John Roundtree all paid quit rents on land in Nansemond County in 1704. As with New Kent, the early records of Nansemond County are nonexistent, so we have no citations for Rountrees there for another fifty years. However, North Carolina records show that some or most of these Rountrees migrated due south into North Carolina. Thomas, Robert, and Francis Rountree, for example, owned land in Chowan Precinct as early as 1713, where several records establish that they had come from Nansemond County. A significant number of Rountrees of North Carolina in the mid-1700s were apparently children and grandchildren of these immigrants.
I have made no effort to trace this family, other than to look for clues of some relationship with the Rountrees of New Kent County. However, it is clear that this line of Rountrees produced numerous descendants. And, despite the speculations of some researchers, there is no evidence whatsoever that any of these Rountrees were related to the William Rountree of New Kent.
A manuscript entitled “Rowntree and Rountree Family History 1521 – 1953”, by Joseph Gustave Rountree II (Privately published, 1959), mentioned elsewhere in these pages, contains an anecdotal history of the Nansemond immigrants supposedly passed down through the family, which is (to say the least) somewhat fanciful and can be proven to be untrue. The legend of a single group of brothers immigrating separately to Nansemond and New Kent appears to be of modern origin, and is obviously an attempt to connect the two sets of immigrants.
William Rountree of Gloucester County
There seems to have been one more early immigrant who produced a child named William Rountree. This William Rountree was born c1722 in Virginia and was living in Gloucester County in 1756-7 when he served in the French and Indian War. The published papers of George Washington contain two documents mentioning him. The first is his appearance on a militia roll of Captain Charles Lewis’s company dated 13 July 1756, which identifies him as a 6’3” schoolteacher who enlisted in Gloucester County in May 1756 at the age of 34. 11 The composition of the unit was unusual in that the company consisted of just 39 soldiers drawn from 16 different counties. That William Rountree was actually living in Gloucester County is proven by the second document dated a year later, a “List of the men brought by John Wiatt from Gloucester, July-August 1757.” 12 This list identifies “William Rowntree” in the same way (34 years old, born in Virginia, 6’3” in height) except that his occupation was “planter.”
It is possible that he had earlier been in Middlesex County, for there is a single record in Christ Church parish of the birth of a daughter to William and Margaret Rountree on 26 April 1752. 13 Unfortunately, Gloucester’s records before the mid-1800s are non-existent. There is, though, a record of a William Rountree in Gloucester County 24 years after the militia record. A “Will. Rowntree” signed a petition dated 23 May 1780 to establish a ferry across the York River in Gloucester County. 14 If this was the same person as the soldier, he clearly could not have been William Rountree Jr. of Hanover and Goochland. A quick check of tax records shows no William Rountree in Gloucester in 1789, though a Samuel Rountree appears there in 1799.
His identification as a native of Virginia implies a father living in Virginia circa 1722. Does this represent a third Rountree immigration? It seems likely. There does not seem to be an unaccounted-for William Rountree among the Nansemond County families. Perhaps significantly, the 39 members of Lewis’s company in 1756 came from 16 different counties, but not a single one was from Nansemond or any of the other counties along the James River.
Thomas Rowntree of South Carolina
On 30 October 1674, a South Carolina surveyor’s warrant for 100 acres was issued to Thomas Rowntree “for himself arriving in May 1674”, apparently a headright grant. 15 Whether there are any further records for him, I do not know.
THE POPE FAMILY CAN BE TRACED BACK TO 17TH CENTURY
The Pope family settled in Isle of Wight County in the 17th century and their descendants are numerous in this area, especially in Southampton County. Other families connected include the Watts, Sounders, Vellines, Westray, Eley, Britt, Edwards, Womble, Jordan, Fletcher, Bowdoin, Andrews, etc.
William & Mary Quarterly - Volume XI, page 169-170:
"The Popes, like many of the leading families of Eastern Virginia, were London people of the mercantile class."
William and Mary Quarterly Volume 27:
"William Pope patented land in Nansemond County, Va. in 1656 and 1662. In 1665 he patented land in Isle of Wight County. Received a grant in Westmoreland County in 1665. There is a possibility that William Pope of Nansemond and Westmoreland Counties, and Nath'l. Pope of Westmoreland (ancestor of George Washington) were brothers. His exact relationship to William Pope is as yet undetermined.
William Pope was born 1634, died 1706, married in 1660 to Marie (last name unknown).
From the Records of the Society of Friends: "William Pope and Marie his wife, their childrens' nativities recorded as follows: William, born the 15th day of the eighth month, 1662 Henry, born the 30th day of the 11th month, 1663 a daughter, born 1667 John, born the sixth day of the eighth month, 1670."
"William Pope was a militiaman and pioneer settler. 1704, Rent Rolls, Nansemond County, William Pope, 890 acres."
"Second generation, Henry Pope, son of William and Marie, was born the 30th day of the 11th month, 1663 was married circa 1684, to Sarah, daughter of John Watts (1697 1698) and Laice English, and died circa 1694."
Their children were: William, born 1695 Henry Jr. Richard, died 1733 Jacob, moved to North Carolina John born 1699, moved to Edgecombe County, N.C., was a member of State Assembly, died in 1745 Mary Jane Joseph, Mourning Thomas and Samuel.
Isle of Wight County Great Book, part one, page 105: "Feb. 8, 1685 - Henry Bosman of Nansemond County, of my own good will make over to Henry Pope for 99 years, 200 acres in lower parish of Isle of Wight."
Isle of Wight County Deed Book, page 265 - "Sept. 17, 1698 - Jacob Darden and Ann, his wife, to Henry Pope of Isle of Wight, 165 acres out of a patent of 830 acres granted to said Jacob Darden Oct. 28, 1697. Witness: Jon Rickes, Thomas Pitt."
"Henry Pope patented in Isle of Wight County, June 6, 1699, was granted 200 acres on the Nottoway River in Isle of Wight County by Governor Alexander Spottswood, Nov. 12, 1713."
From Isle of Wight County Records:
Great Book, page 53, March 18, 1716 - "Barnabee MacKinnie to Henry Pope, 200 acres on the South side of Main Blackwater, on Black Creek, part of patent of 3,435 acres granted said MacKinnie, Dec. 18, 1714. Witneses, James Benn and Joseph Bridger."
Great Book, page 103 - July 22, 1717 - "Henry Pope of Isle of Wight,to Richard Pope, 72 acres granted unto said Henry Pope, by patent dated June 6, 1699. Witness: John Watts, Madison Street."
Great Book, page 139 - Dec. 23, 1713 - "Henry Pope, Lower Parish, Isle of Wight - for love and good will to my son Henry Pope, 100 acres on Nottoway River - part of a patent for 200 acres - dated Nov. 13, 1713."
Great Book, page 377 - May 16, 1720, "Henry Pope, for love and good will to my son William Pope, 100 acres adjoining land given my son Henry Pope, residue of patent of Nov. 13, 1713. Witness John Pope Jr., Richmond. Pope - Jacob Pope."
The will of Henry Pope is recorded in Isle of Wight County Will Book Three, page 127 dated May 28, 1723, and recorded Oct. 28, 1728. He leaves much real estate and live stock to his seven sons and three daughters "To Mary Clother, one cow and calf and her freedom from my wife a legacy to my Cousins Edward and John Pope and to well beloved wife Sarah, all the rest of my estate." It was witnessed by Epenitus Guffin, Jon Denson Jr. and Martin Chuse.
The appraisement of his estate is recorded in Will Book Three, page 150: "Being a Quaker he owned no slaves. Part of the said Estate which lies in North Carolina is as follows: there is 52 head of cattle and five mares and three feather beds and furniture, and two guns, and one trunk."
Henry Pope's wife Sarah was a daughter of John Watts and Alice English. John Watts first appears in Isle of Wight records in 1678, and his will dated Jan. 20, 1677, was recorded Feb. 9, 1697-1698. He married Alice, daughter of Captain John English.
Cavaliers and Pioneers Volume One, page 372: "Captain John English, 1,000 acres in Northumberland, Sept. 25, 1657 - for transportation of 14 persons."
17th Century Isle of Wight, by William Boddie, page 120 and 703: "Captain John English served Isle of Wight in the House of Burgesses in 1658-1659."
Isle of Wight Book A, page 113: "Will of Edward Chetwine, to John English, a pair of gloves and a mourning ribbon, Sept. 27, 1649.
His very interesting will, dated Aug. 13, 1678, was recorded Oct. 9, 1678.
STSCR: Exploring spatial-temporal sequential influence and social information for location recommendation
One remarkable progress in spatial data analysis field lies on location-based social networks (LBSNs), where location recommendation has become an important way to help people locate the interesting places. When providing the location recommendations for users, spatial-temporal sequence of locations on users check-in behaviors have been intensively studied based on the fact that the human movement usually exhibits a pattern of spatial-temporal sequence. However, despite that some works have been proposed to focus on the spatial-temporal correlation among the sequences of users checked-in locations, they still suffer to the following their limitations: (1) these works are unable to handle time intervals between nearby check-in behaviors properly in modeling sequential data. In fact, POIs also have different probabilities of being checked in different time periods (2) these works fail to employ the social relations adequately to improve final recommendation results especially when the check-in data is sparse (3) these works are essentially based on the point-wise theory that aims to regress a real-valued score, whereas few work attempt to build a ranking-based estimator for recommendation. To solve the problems mentioned above, a new location recommendation model called Spatial-Temporal aware Social Collaborative Ranking(STSCR) model is proposed to explore the impact of time, spatial-temporal sequential influence and social influence. In particular, the proposed model is built upon a unified tensor factorization framework in which the ne-grained modeling of user-location, user-friend, friend-location, location-time, and location-location interactions. Then, the Bayesian personalized ranking technique is used to optimized the loss function of unified tensor factorization and fit the partial order of locations. As is shown in the experimental results derived from real datasets, our proposed STSCR achieves better recommendation performances than other state-of-the-art location recommendation algorithms.