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Dallas DD- 199 - History

Dallas DD- 199 - History


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Dallas

Alexander J. Dallas, born 15 May 1791 in Philadelphia, Pa., entered the Navy as a midshipman 22 November 1805. He served with distinction in the War of 1812, the operations against Algiers in 1815, and in the suppression of piracy in the West Indies. He established and commanded the Pensacola Navy Yard from 1832 to 1843. On 16 July 1835 he was ordered to additional duty in command of the West India Squadron in supported General Scott during the war with the Seminole Indians in Florida, rendering such efficient service that the Government gratefully named a fort after him on the eastern coast of Florida. Commanding Pacific Squadron, Captain Dallas died at Callao, Peru, 3 June 1844 in the sloop Vandalia. DD-199 was named in his honor.

Texas. CA-140 and CA-150 were to have honored Sallas,
dp. 1,190, 1. 314'5", b. 31'9", dr. 9'3", s. ; cpl. 101; a. 4 4", 4 21" tt.; cl. Clemson)

Dallas (DD-199) was launched 31 May 1919 by Newport News Shipbuilding Co., Newport News, VA., sponsored by Miss W. D. Strong, great grand-daughter of Captain Dallas; and commissioned 29 October 1920, Lieutenant E. H. Roach in temporary command. Lieutenant A. R. Early assumed command 10 November 1920.

Dallas cruised on the east coast, participating in exercises and maneuvers from her base at Charleston S .C. She arrived at Philadelphia 12 April 1922 and was placed out of commission there 26 June. Recommissioned 14 April 1925 Dallas served with various destroyer squadrons, acting as flagship for Squadrons 9 and 1. Until 1931 she cruised on the east coast and the Caribbean, engaging in gunnery exercises, battle torpedo practice, fleet maneuvers and problems; participAting in joint Army-Navy exercises, training members of the Naval Reserve; and serving as experimental ship at the Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R.I.

On 9 January 1932 Dallas sailed from Charleston,S.C., for the west coast, arriving at San Diego, 21 March. She operated along the west coast and in the Hawaiian Islands, conducting force practice and tactical exercises and participating in combined fleet exercises.

Dallas sailed from San Diego 9 April 1934 for the Presidential Review of the Fleet in June 1934 at New York City, and tactical exercises on the east coast and in the Caribbean. Returning to San Diego 9 November,Dallas continued to operate in the Pacific until 1938, cruising to Hawaii and Alaska.

Dallas operated in the Canal Zone area between May and November 1938, visiting ports of the Republic of Panama; rendering service to Submarine Squadron 3; and making a good-will call at Buenaventura, Colombia. On 17 November she weighed anchor for the east coast arriving at Philadelphia 6 days later. She was again placed out of commission 23 March 1939.

With the outbreak of World War II in Europe, Dallas was recommissioned 26 September 1939 and assigned he Atlantic Fleet, serving as flagship for Destroyer Squadrons 41 and 30. She patrolled the Atlantic coast and conducted training exercises until 7 July 1941 when she got underway for Argentia, Newfoundland, arriving, days later. Between 11 July 1941 and 10 March 1942 she patrolled between Argentia and Halifax and escorted convoys to Reykjavik, Iceland, and Londonderry, Northern Ireland.

From 1 April 1942 to 3 October, Dallas escorted coastal shipping from New York and Norfolk to Florida, Texas, Cuba, Bermuda, and ports in the Caribbean. On 25 October she cleared Norfolk to rendezvous with TF 34 bound for the invasion landings on North Africa. Dallas was to carry a U.S. Army Raider battalion, and land them up the narrow, shallow, obstructed river to take a strategic airport near Port Lyautey, French Morocco. On 10 November she began her run up the Oued Sebou under the masterful guidance of Rene Malavergne, a civilian pilot who was to be the first foreign civilian to receive the Navy Cross. Under fire by cannon and small arms during the entire run, she plowed her way through mud and shallow water, narrowly missing the many sunken ships and other obstructions, and sliced through a cable crossing the river, to land her troops safely just off the airport. Her brilliant success in completing this mission with its many unexpected complications won her the Presidential Unit Citation. On 16 November she departed the African coast for Boston, arriving 26 November.

Dallas had convoy duty between Norfolk, New York and New London, making one voyage to Gibraltar from 3 March to 14 April 1943, until 9 May when she departed Norfolk for Oran, Algeria, arriving 23 May. She patrolled off the North African coast, then on 9 July joined TF 81 for screening duty during the invasion of Scoglitti, Sicily, from 10 to 12 July. She returned to convoy and patrol duties until 7 September when she joined the escort for a convoy bound for the invasion of the Italian mainland. Dallas screened the transport group during the landings at Salerno 9 September, and joined a south-bound convoy 2 days later, rescuing two downed British airmen on her way to Oran. She escorted reinforcements to Salerno, then served on escort and patrol in the Mediterranean until 11 December when she got underway for the east coast, arriving, at Philadelphia on Christmas Eve.

Following a thorough overhaul at Charleston, S.C, Dallas escorted two convoys to North Africa between 23 February and 9 June 1944. On the second voyage the escorts came under attack by enemy torpedo planes on 11 May but successfully defended the convoy; Dallas accounted for at least one plane, and damaging others. She served on the east coast on various training and convoy assignments until 7 Juno 1945 when she reported to Philadelphia. Her name was changed to Alexander Dallas 31 March to avoid confusion with the cruiser Dallas then under construction. Alexander Dallas was decommissioned 28 July 1946 and sold for scrap 30 November 1946.

In addition to her Presidential Unit Citation Dallas received four battle stars for World War II service.


USS Dallas (DD-199)

USS Dallas (DD-199) là một tàu khu trục lớp Clemson được Hải quân Hoa Kỳ chế tạo vào cuối Chiến tranh Thế giới thứ nhất, được đổi tên thành Alexander Dallas trong Chiến tranh Thế giới thứ Hai và đã tiếp tục phục vụ cho đến khi xung đột kết thúc. Nó là chiếc tàu chiến duy nhất của Hải quân Hoa Kỳ được đặt tên theo Thuyền trưởng Alexander J. Dallas.

Lịch sử
Hoa Kỳ
Tên gọi USS Dallas (DD-199)
Đặt tên theo Alexander J. Dallas
Hãng đóng tàu Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company
Đặt lườn 25 tháng 11 năm 1918
Hạ thủy 31 tháng 5 năm 1919
Đỡ đầu bởi cô W. D. Strong
Nhập biên chế 29 tháng 10 năm 1920
Tái biên chế list error: <br /> list (help)
14 tháng 4 năm 1925
25 tháng 9 năm 1939
Xuất biên chế list error: <br /> list (help)
26 tháng 6 năm 1922
28 tháng 7 năm 1945
23 tháng 3 năm 1939
Đổi tên Alexander Dallas, 31 tháng 3 năm 1945
Xóa đăng bạ 13 tháng 8 năm 1945
Biệt danh Dull Ass
Danh hiệu và
phong tặng
list error: <br /> list (help)
4 × Ngôi sao Chiến trận,
Đơn vị Tuyên dương Tổng thống
Số phận Bán để tháo dỡ, 30 tháng 11 năm 1945
Đặc điểm khái quát
Lớp và kiểu Lớp tàu khu trục Clemson
Trọng tải choán nước list error: <br /> list (help)
1.215 tấn Anh (1.234 t) (tiêu chuẩn)
1.308 tấn Anh (1.329 t) (đầy tải)
Độ dài 314 ft 5 in (95,83 m)
Sườn ngang 31 ft 9 in (9,68 m)
Mớn nước 9 ft 10 in (3,00 m)
Động cơ đẩy list error: <br /> list (help)
2 × turbine hơi nước hộp số Westinghouse [1]
4 × nồi hơi 300 psi (2.100 kPa) [1]
2 × trục
công suất 26.500 hp (19.800 kW)
Tốc độ 35 kn (65 km/h)
Tầm xa 4.900 nmi (9.070 km 5.640 dặm) ở tốc độ 15 hải lý trên giờ (28 km/h 17 mph)
Số tàu con và
máy bay mang được
4 × xuồng đổ bộ LCP
Thủy thủ đoàn
đầy đủ
130 sĩ quan và thủy thủ
Vũ trang list error: <br /> list (help)
4 pháo 4 in (100 mm)/50 caliber [1]
1 × pháo 3 in (76 mm)/23 caliber [1]
12 × ống phóng ngư lôi 21 in (530 mm) (4×3) [1]


U.S.S. BROOME

USS Broome received its name in honor of Lieutenant Colonel John Broome of the Marine Corps. The Navy brought her into service upon her commission in October 1919. In 1920, the ship voyaged around Europe in both Atlantic and Mediterranean waters. She reported for duty in the Pacific at the end of 1920. The Navy decommissioned her in December 1922. The Navy brought her out of mothballs in February 1930. For most of the rest of the 1930s, she performed various operations in the Pacific. In May of 1939, the Navy sent her to serve in the Atlantic.

Up until the US entered the Second World War, USS Broome served with the Neutrality Patrol and escorted convoys to Iceland. After Pearl Harbor, the ship’s main role was in Atlantic waters performing various duties. She provided escort for convoys and performed patrols along the Eastern Seaboard. The ship trained sailors in the waters off the East Coast as well as Iceland, Canada, and the Caribbean. She provided escorts for convoys going across the Atlantic as well. In May 1945, the Navy redesignated her AG-96 and sent her to serve with the Operational Training Command. The Navy decommissioned her in May 1946 and sold her in November of that year.


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USS Roper (DD 147)

Decommissioned at San Diego, California on 14 December 1922
Recommissioned on 18 March 1930
Reclassified High Speed Transport APD-20 on 20 October 1943
Roper was hit by a Kamikaze and returned to the Mare Island Navy Yard at Vallejo, California for repairs but with the cessation of hostilities repair work was halted
She was decommissioned on 15 September 1945
Stricken 11 October 1945
Sold on 31 March 1946 and broken up for scrap.

Commands listed for USS Roper (DD 147)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
1Harry Enson Hubbard, USN22 Apr 193921 Jun 1940
2Lt.Cdr. Henry Edward Richter, USN21 Jun 194010 Oct 1941
3Lt.Cdr. Hamilton Wilcox Howe, USN10 Oct 194122 Jun 1942
4T/Lt.Cdr. John Blair Gragg, USN22 Jun 19421 Oct 1943
5Winfield Fox DeLong, USNR1 Oct 19435 Jan 1944
6Ulysses Brooks Carter, USNR5 Jan 194411 Jul 1945
7Alfred Gilbert Steer, Jr., USNR11 Jul 194515 Sep 1945

You can help improve our commands section
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Please use this if you spot mistakes or want to improve this ships page.

Notable events involving Roper include:

23 Mar 1942
USS Roper sank the bow section of the damaged American tanker Naeco with gunfire. The Neaco was torpedoed by German U-boat U-124 about 65 nautical miles south-east of Cape Lookout, North Carolina in position 33°59'N, 76°40'W.

31 Mar 1942
USS Roper picks up 70 survivors of the American passenger ship City of New York that was torpedoed and sunk on 29 March 1943 by German U-boat U-160 40 nautical miles east of Cape Hatteras in position 35°16'N, 74°25'W.

14 Apr 1942
On this day USS Roper (Lt.Cdr. Hamilton Howe) sank U-85 near Cape Hatteras, USA.

U-85 was the first U-boat to be sunk off the North American coast after the start of Operation Drumbeat (Paukenschlag) on 13 January 1942.

On the day that she was sunk U-85 stayed on the surface through the engagement. After repeated gunfire hits on the boat, fatally damaging her, the order to abandon ship was given and maybe half of the crew got into the water and then U-85 started to sink again fast. USS Roper then dropped 11 depth charges onto the already sinking U-boat and its 2 dozen survivors and in the process killed everyone in the water.

The wreck of U-85 is now a popular dive site.

23 Apr 1942
USS Roper picks up 30 survivors from the Panamanian merchant Desert Light that was torpedoed and sunk on 16 April 1942 east of Cape Hattaras in position 35°35'N, 72°48'W by German U-boat U-572.

29 Apr 1942
USS Roper picks up 14 survivors from the British merchant Empire Drum that was torpedoed and sunk on 24 April 1942 southeast of New York by German U-boat U-136. 13 more survivors from the same ship were picked up on 1 May.

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History of Aviation Archives

The History of Aviation Archives is the largest section of the Special Collections Division, consisting of a world-class aeronautical archives and library.

The CAT/Air America Archives

The History of Aviation Archives is the official repository for Civil Air Transport (CAT) and Air America. The archives have considerable material about the operations of both airlines. The collection also includes a memorial commemorating the personnel who gave their lives while serving with CAT and Air America. Additional information on the CAT Association and the Air America Association can be found here along with a guide to the collections.

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The George H. Williams, Jr. World War I Aviation Library

World War I materials located in the History of Aviation Archives range from squadron lists and combat reports to pictures of pilots and their aircraft. The collection is primarily composed of the collections of Ed Ferko and George H. Williams, Jr., but several other smaller collections are present as well.

The James H. Doolittle Collection

The History of Aviation Archives is home to the personal papers of General James H. “Jimmy” Doolittle. In addition to documents, photographs, and books, several of General Doolittle’s personal effects are on display including his Medal of Honor.

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While this event was the coldest in the last ten years (and the last 30 years) it is by no means the coldest experienced by Texas residents. When studying the science of weather, it is always clear that weather events run in cycles and on occasion you can be hit by unlikely, but possible extreme events. However the question that remains for governments, businesses and individuals would be that of a cost/risk analysis and how far back should they be looking in time. Knowing the history of major cold events can help determine the overall risk of an event like this occurring.

If you were planning in Texas and managed on a 10, 20 or 30-year history, prior to this event you would have had to look down to the following date:

Doing your analysis you would have found Dallas at 13.9 degrees F in 2011. That value would have appeared as the coldest event you would be planning for. Only when going to the 40-year history would you have found the 1989 Texas event which shows an event below zero and colder than the 2021 winter storm.


Watch the video: USS Dallas DD-199 (January 2023).

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